The featured Two-year-old boy –Emon- has been diagnosed with a health condition called hydrocephalus
This condition has worsened since he has a head that weighs 20 lbs (9kg) – the same weight as an average one-year-old boy.
Reports indicates that he was delivered by Caesarean section with a head that was slightly bigger than usual, but in the past two years it continued to expand
Hydrocephalus is said to be a genetic inherited condition
Other possible causes include complications of premature birth such as intraventricular hemorrhage.
Diseases such as meningitis, tumors, traumatic head injury, or subarachnoid hemorrhage, which block the exit of CSF from the ventricles to the cisterns or eliminate the passageway for CSF within the cisterns.
Its treatment is a bit complicated since it entails mostly surgical procedure known as surgically inserting a shunt system.
This system diverts the flow of CSF from the CNS to another area of the body where it can be absorbed as part of the normal circulatory process.
It can also be treated by another procedure where by a limited number of individuals can be treated with an alternative procedure called third ventriculostomy.
In this procedure, a neuroendoscope — a small camera that uses fiber optic technology to visualize small and difficult to reach surgical areas — allows a doctor to view the ventricular surface.
Once the scope is guided into position, a small tool makes a tiny hole in the floor of the third ventricle, which allows the CSF to bypass the obstruction and flow toward the site of resorption around the surface of the brain.